Europe Tourist Destinations Brawls With Over-Tourism
Year 2018 was the year of over tourism, and 2019 was the year when destinations struggled back. Or, rather, declared to do so. So how will 2020 shape up? Recently some main Europe Tourist Destinations Brawls Over-Tourism, finding ways to control over it.
Authorities came up with new rules from Amsterdam to Venice, in 2019 to battle against the crowds and make life better for locals. But what percentage of these rules are implemented, and thus the way many drifted away once the noise (and all-important headlines) about their launch subsided?
Measures has been announced by five of Europe’s biggest destinations: Venice, Amsterdam, Santorini, Barcelona and Dubrovnik. All uncovered plans in 2019 to vary tourism for the upper. Have any of them worked? And what’s on the cards for 2020?
They are on development to shutting down 80% of souvenir stalls, and restricting cruise ships to 2 per day.
The stalls remain closed, and therefore the two-ship rule was abided to 70% of the time during 2019. It will be further recommended with higher compliance in 2020.
In November 2019, authorities projected an efficient ban on new restaurants, the overwhelming majority of restaurants have seating mainly inside, therefore the regulatory has banned any new outdoor tables.
Other new rules promised for 2020 include introducing a hard and fast number of pre-booked slots for tourist buses and coaches to avoid overcrowding. On busy days, authorities will reserve the proper to maneuver slots around, so as to offer the town breathing space. There will even be per-bus charges, equating to around $ 5.50 per person — effectively a day tripper tax.
From 2020, the private shuttle buses for cruise passengers from the port to the town are going to be replaced with regular conveyance buses. Since they’re smaller, there’ll be less a way of many people escalating at the gates.
The authorities are also fastening down on the growing Airbnb market, by doubling the overnight tax on apartments — paid by the owners — to 1,500 Kuna ($223) once a year from 2020.
Regulator says that it’s essential for destinations to figure out with providers — whether that’s cruise lines or tour operators — instead of against them. When you’re taking steps to limit tourism. Because tourism is extremely vulnerable which we’ll make mistakes.
Amsterdam’s New Year’s Day resolution for 2020 is to clamp down on tourists — a minimum of, the incorrect quite tourists.
The Netherlands government, already helping out its struggling capital Amsterdam as a destination, focusing instead on smaller cities and towns. But this year, the town council took further steps to future-proof itself. From April 1 2020, tours of the Red Light District are getting to be banned entirely, and groups within the town Centre are getting to be capped at 15.
What’s more, from January 1, the tax for visitors staying overnight was increased to what experts say might be the “highest in Europe”: 7% of the space price, plus a flat €3 ($3.30) per person. Visitors taking a ship tour of the canals will see their ‘entertainment tax’ go up from €0.66 to €1.50 ($1.70).
Every year the number of tourists that pay a visit to our beautiful city increases as per economic affairs. It cost the metropolis a lot to keep the city safe and clean, and to make sure the infrastructure — bridges, quay walls, streets and sidewalks — are in a good state.
As per authorities, they increased the tourist tax, because they expect it’s a more fair contribution to the use of the overall public space. Of course tourists are welcome to return and visit, but they need to contribute more.”
Its steep cliffs and therefore the villages perched on top of them mean that passengers arriving on a cruise liner have three options to succeed in the island proper: walking up the switchback cliff path, taking the funicular or hiring a taxi — which in Santorini may be a donkey.
For 2019, the authorities announced a cap on cruise passengers of 8,000 per day. A new national code of practice in Greece also recommended that donkeys must not carry a lot of over 100 kilograms, or a fifth of the animal’s weight — in other words, no more portly tourists in Santorini.
The mayor’s office wasn’t available for comment but the port schedule for 2020 suggests that the 8,000 cap has not been applied.
On May 14 there are a paltry 2,639 – 2,793 people thanks to disembark, but the opposite dates checked are all between 9,000 and 11,000.
Headlines over badly behaved tourists, the authorities have come up with several measures to control the tourism that risks destroying the city. It consumes the city and leaves nothing behind.
Any hotels that have opened since 2017 got permission before the ban, he says.
The only exception to the hotel ban is for those which also offer a “public interest” — for instance a gathering room that would be employed by the council. Zuin says there are “very few” of those applications.
The council is currently set to think about the appliance for a 10-story hotel overlooking the monastery and vineyards of San Francesco Della Vigna, the sole vineyard in Venice proper. It is also offering a gym for the utilization of local schools. Local media reports that the appliance was originally denied, but is being considered now that the gym has been proposed. The monks, however, have warned that it will kill their vines.
In 2018 Venice also introduced turnstiles along the most thoroughfares into the town, with the aim of redirecting tourists along lesser known streets when numbers peaked.
For the past three years they have also found public funding for the “angels of decorum” who patrol the St. Mark’s Square area, helping tourists where needed but also stopping them from behaving badly, and calling the police if a visitor needs to be fined.
And 2020 will see the introduction of a “contributo di accesso” — an “access contribution” for day trippers paid on entry to the town. (Those staying overnight already pay a city tax.)The announcement made headlines around the world in December 2018, but the implementation has been continually delayed. Initially it was slated for May 2019, then September, then January 2020.
But in October 2019, it was pushed back again to July 2020.
Visitors will then have their paperwork checked on arrival within the city. If you’re staying overnight, and thus don’t have to pay the charge, which will even be checked on arrival.
The price will vary counting on the season and therefore the day. On a normal day it’ll be €3 ($3.40). On a busy day that price doubles. .
The system also will help the authorities monitor tourist flow and footfall for future use. And the money from the fees will be ploughed back into the community, reducing citizens’ taxes for things like trash collection and city maintenance — areas which are affected by what Venetians call “hit and run” day-trippers.
But the council is most anxious about stopping the exploding numbers of Airbnb and short-term rentals within the city, which are driving down the amount of living options for locals.
Already they charge an equivalent level of overnight taxes as they are doing hotels. And in December 2019, they passed an order with immediate effect that they hope will translate into an efficient “barrier” on new short-term rentals.
The Catalan city has acted defiantly towards tourists within the past, banning groups from La Boquerón foodstuff and cracking down on illegal tourist lets. But Albert Dalmau Miranda, manager for the economy, resources and economic promotion at Barcelona council, takes a different tone at the end of 2019.
They accept that tourism is here to remain, and therefore the industry will still grow round the world. This isn’t something they will stop, but Barcelona is trying to find a special quite tourism — more quality but at an equivalent time sustainable.
The authorities’ aim is to stay Barcelona “live able and love able,” so for 2019, they doubled the amount of buses on routes from the beach into town (which had been clogged by tourists), using the cash from the overnight tourist tax to try to so.
And they have introduced “agentes civicos,” like Venice’s angels of decorum, to act as a pre-police step for both locals and tourists (to make complaints about noise, for example). There are around 70 of them, purchased by the overnight tax for tourists.
They’re also using marketing to manage visitor numbers, advertising little known places in and around Barcelona is an attempt to spread the volume. The other marketing focus is on culture — getting cultural institutions like the Liceu opera house to encourage tourist visits — in order to attract a different kind of visitor.
For 2020, that marketing focus will continue, says Dalmau, and the city is also upping its city tax paid by visitors who stay overnight. They expect to approve a price tag in February and implement it in September. And although he refuses to be drawn on how much it might be, he says that they “noticed our tax was lower than other cities” and want to introduce parity. People staying overnight currently pay €0.65 ($0.72) per person per night for a one to three star hotel, or €2.25 ($2.50) for a five star.
In contrast, Venice charges €5 ($5.55) per person per night in a five star hotel or top-rated Airbnb.
The final advancement push is towards the Barcelona locals themselves. They want to protect the locals, but they want to show that tourism provides benefits that we’re reinvesting in the city.
To that end, for 2020, everything that’s made possible by income from the tourist tax will be marked as such. That bus? It’ll bear a notice saying it was bought with tourist tax income. That newly pedestrianized street? A placard. That way, they hope to stabilize the fragile balance between locals and visitors.
The other destinations will be watching.
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